Author Archives: inautentico

A. Mumbru Mora, The Ontologization of the Concept of Symbol in H-G. Gadamer’s Hermeneutics

The Ontologization of the Concept of Symbol in H-G. Gadamer’s Hermeneutics
Alejandro Mumbru Mora

Abstract
H–G. Gadamer’s aesthetic reflection constitutes the previous step to a theoretical proposal, philosophical hermeneutics, which is released from the epistemic and ontological prejudices of modern scientific tradition. The aesthetic concepts of play, festival and symbol, intend to serve as a basis for an alternative description of the phenomenon of understanding. In this paper we aim to show how these notions are not just preparatory but ontological concepts since they give an account of understanding as the fundamental mode of being of each and every individual. We will focus in particular on the concept of symbol: to the extent that our understanding occurs through a language that reflects in a permanently unsuited way the whole of the tradition that constitutes us, the notion of symbol becomes a basic ontological concept since it expresses the tension between the sensible and the intelligible in which our hermeneutic experience occurs.

Keywords
Aesthetics, hermeneutics, symbol, linguisticity, understanding.

G. Tidona, Gioco e Unbekümmertheit

Gioco e Unbekümmertheit. Una logica semantica di costituzione dell’oggetto “disinvolta” 
Giovanni Tidona

Abstract
The central issue of this essay is the notion of Unbekümmertheit. In modern German, this word describes a “light–heartedness”, an “ease”, or a somewhat “carefree–mind” and has been reinterpreted and re–used with a new significance in the linguistic and psychological theory of Clara and William Stern. Here, the notion denotes a child’s ability to change the meaning and use of the same objects involved in his playtime–activities, which are then subjected to different and sometimes disparate predications. In the gestalt — psychological line from Kurt Lewin and Kurt Koffka to James Gibson — due to Stern’s Kindersprache, Martinus Langeveld´s Aufforderungscharakter and the phenomenological reconsideration of Unbekümmertheit by Aron Gurwitsch — it is possible to demonstrate a philosophical exploitation of the Unbekümmertheit —phenomenon with regard to the spheres of realism and relativism. In its final section, this paper will show a development of social ontology by pointing out how Unbekümmerheit plays a preponderant role in the plural games characterized by the link between affordances and social use and how it thus provides a new interpretation of human community which is supported by a specific constructivist thing–concept.

Keywords
Olehermeneutics, relativism, realism, Gestalttheorie, epistemology, child language, social ontology, affordance, Unbekümmertheit.

TRÓPOS 2016, 2 (IX)

TRÓPOS 2016, 2 (IX)

ERMENEUTICA DEL MORIRE
LA MORTE NELL’EPOCA DELLA CULTURA DIGITALE
edited by Davide Sisto
Go to the Abstract and Table of Contents (pdf)
Buy the issue now, or get a preview of the essays for free

TABLE OF CONTENTS

D. Sisto, Introduzione. Perché occorre un’ermeneutica del morire

Ermeneutica del morire. La morte nell’epoca della cultura digitale
T. Macho, Immagini e morte. Il tempo della fotografia
D. Sisto, Digital Death. Come si narra la morte con l’avvento del web
M. Hauskeller, Killing Death/Sharing Life
G.O. Longo, Morte e immortalità nell’epoca del post-umano
I. Testoni, Etica del “memento mori” tra rappresentazioni ontologiche della morte, terrore e terrorismo
A. Lucci, Metafore della non-morte. Riflessioni culturologiche sul potenziale metaforico della figura dello zombie

Saggi
K. Sabolius, Imagination and Mediation. Is There a Unity Beyond Synthesis?
A. De Cesaris, L’opera d’arte dell’anima. Corpo, tecnica e medialità nell’Antropologia di Hegel

TRÓPOS 2016, 1 (IX)

TRÓPOS 2016, 1 (IX)

EFFETTI D’INTERPRETAZIONE
SU GIANNI VATTIMO
edited by Gaetano Chiurazzi
Go to the Abstract and Table of Contents (pdf)
Buy the issue now, or get a preview of the essays for free

TABLE OF CONTENTS

G. Chiurazzi, Introduzione

Effetti d’interpretazione. Su Gianni Vattimo
G. Bertram, In Defence of a Hermeneutic Ontology of Art
N. Davey, Praxis and the Impossibility of Hermeneutics? Reflections on Vattimo’s ‘Beyond Interpretation’ and ‘The Future of Hermeneutics’
D. Jørgensen, The Dialogue of Experience
T. Oñate, Ontologia ermeneutica e nichilismo alla fine della modernità 
R. Šerpytyte, Essere nichilista. Con Heidegger tra Nietzsche e Cristianesimo

Saggi
S. Hrnjez, Tempo e/è concetto. Storia degli effetti di una virgola
R. Longobardi, Il desiderio dell’immagine. Scrittura e visione in Maurice Blanchot
A. Martinengo, Morte e rinascita della metafora
G. Pezzano, Tra normalità e anormalità. Deleuze e la norma come problema filosofico

T. Macho, Immagini e morte

Immagini e morte. Il tempo della fotografia
Thomas Macho

Abstract
In the present contribution we analyze the photographical medium from the starting point of his relationship with death. Through a close examination of classic texts and authors (Barthes, Sontag, Ariès, Belting) who have analyzed the relationship between representation, image and death, we propose a theory of the thanatological value of representation through an aesthetic–artistic medium.

Keywords
Death, Photography, Double, Cultural Studies, Culture

D. Sisto, Digital Death

Digital Death. Come si narra la morte con l’avvento del web
Davide Sisto

Abstract
Taking the cue from some reflections byWalter Benjamin and Eugéne Minkowski, the present paper wants to analyze the relationship between death and narration in the age of digital culture. In fact, the so–called “Digital Death” revolutionizes our bond with death, with the traditional thought of immortality and with the Geisterwelt. Once the author has defined the “Digital Death”, this paper firstly describes some current forms of digital communication (Eterni.me, Eter9) that try to get rid of death, impoverishing narrations and handed–down knowledge. Secondly, it describes other forms (Facebook and social networks in general) that, on the contrary, offer new resources through which we can enrich our memory of the dead, thus reinvigorating the role of death as an authority from which all narrated stories stem.

Keywords
Digital Death, Immortality, Narration, Social Network, End–Life.

M. Hauskeller, Killing Death/Sharing Life

Killing Death/Sharing Life
Michael Hauskeller

Abstract
It has been claimed, most emphatically by transhumanists, that individual death is the greatest evil and that we therefore need to do everything we can to defeat the disease of human senescence and mortality. In other words, we need to kill death. I have argued elsewhere that we actually benefit from death and that death is, all things considered, not an evil at all. However, in this paper, I am not disputing the claim that death is an evil. Instead, I suggest that it can only be an evil for us if we understand our existence as separate from all other existence, which is by no means inevitable. The independent, autonomous self whose annihilation we fear is the product of a particular self–conception, a particular way of seeing ourselves in relation to others. There is an alternative. If we understand our own lives as prolonged and extended in the life that surrounds us, then our own individual death loses its significance. When life is shared and being understood as shared, then there is no need to kill death.

Keywords
Death, Ageing, Life Extension, Temporal Immortality, Transhumanism, Autonomy

G.O. Longo, Morte e immortalità nell’epoca del post-umano

Morte e immortalità nell’epoca del post-umano

Giuseppe O. Longo

Abstract

The progress of medicine and biology offers us longevity and deludes us with the promise of immortality, thus rekindling an ancient dream. After illustrating how death is confronted, or not confronted, today, we analyze the perspectives offered by post–human technologies in view of immortality: hybridization with machines, transfer of the mind in computer progammes, merging or substitution of the human intelligence with the artificial intelligence. This is a surrogate and dislocated immortality, that favours the cognitive aspects and tends to neglect the ethical and social ones.

Keywords

Death, Immortality, Amortality, Homo technologicus, Post–human

I. Testoni, Etica del “memento mori”

Etica del “memento mori” tra rappresentazioni ontologiche della morte, terrore e terrorismo
Ines Testoni

Abstract
Since the borders between natural life and death have been blurred by technique, inWestern societies discussions and practices regarding death have become very significant. The studies in this area include all the most important topics of any psychological discipline. Indeed, research developed some important theories especially on death and dying, loss and grief, and terror of death. However, they latently adopt implicit basic ontological assumptions, which carry specific representations of death. As this theoretical condition causes many important effects in the clinical work, it is necessary to open a wider epistemological area of discussion on this issues between philosophy and psychology. The article highlights the importance of the Severino’s contribute in this new territory of studies.

Keywords
Death Studies, Death Education, Philosophy and Psychology Relationships, Anguish of Death, Emanuele Severino

A. Lucci, Metafore della non-morte

Metafore della non-morte. Riflessioni culturologiche sul potenziale metaforico della figura dello zombie
Antonio Lucci

Abstract
The present essay wants to analyze the zombie as a metaphor. According to the author, the zombie is used to represent some topics that are particularly present inside some societies, but that cannot find expression in the usual ways those societies use to represent themselves: religion, rituals, politics or law. As a character that embodies marginalization, the zombie changes its features depending on the societies where it is “used” as means of expression. The present contribution analyzes the Haitian zombie as an expression of a society that supports slavery, the one represented in Romero‘s The Night of The Living Dead as the expression of a society that removes death from everyday life, up to the modern representations of the zombie (after 2002), describing them as the expression of an imagination that medicalizes society.

Keywords
Zombies, Undead, Death, Romero, Cultural Studies